Kicking Up Dust
The Man That Started It All
and the turn of a century

Part 4

Oil Painting by LINDA ANDERSON

In 1897, Jimmie Rodgers is born in Meridian, Mississippi.  In Boston the first subway in
the U.S. is opened.   The first cathode ray tube scanning device is constructed by K.
Ferdinand Braun a German scientist.  The first intercollegiate basketball game to use five
players per team was held.  The Marconi Company successfully communicates "ship to
shore" over a distance of 12 miles.  The next year William Boyd (Hopalong Cassidy) is
born.  Soon  there will be the first sale of an Auto and production will rise to 100 autos
being built.  Spain declares war on the United States and U.S. forces land in Puerto Rico.
In Italy, Marconi has discovered that he can broadcast his communications between more
than one station in his early days of inventing the radio.

Valdemar Poulsen develops magnetic recording onto Thomas Edison invents the phono-
graph for playing back stored sounds.  The first recording he makes is Mary Had a Little
Lamb using steel piano wire.  The cylinder record standard had emerged; it was made of
wax and had shrunk in size to a little over 2" in diameter and 4" long ? and it was brittle.
Spain declares war on U.S. and the U.S. forces land in Puerto Rico.  As the last year of
the 1890's passes Scott Joplin's "Maple Leaf Rag" became the first Ragtime composition
to become a sheet music best-seller.  Last stage coach robbery is staged by Pearl Heart.
US auto production reaches 2,500.


Hokum is a particular song type of American blues music - a humorous song which uses 

extended analogies oreuphemistic terms to make sexual innuendos. This trope goes back

to early blues recordings, and is seen from time to time in modern American blues and blues-

rock. An example of hokum lyrics is this sample from "Meat Balls", by Lil Johnson, recorded

about 1937, then come Hillbilly Hokum

"Got out late last night, in the rain and sleet
Tryin' to find a butcher that grind my meat
Yes I'm lookin' for a butcher
He must be long and tall
If he want to grind my meat
'Cause I'm wild about my meat balls.

The century has turned, and much of the country is being settled.  The Native Americans
are on reservations, and the past technological inventions have transformed the way of life
for most people of the Nation.  There are 8,000 automobiles in the country and it won't be
long before the Model T comes off the assembly line.  The medicine shows, circuses,
Wild West Shows,  burlesque, vaudevilleand wandering minstrels have continued to
spread music throughout the land.  Over the past years many religions had had brought
more music into the church, and had created publishing houses encouraging people to
write new gospel songs.  The Pentecostal churches had many forms of music being
sung and any instrument was allowed.  Some churches were very restrictive on what instru-
ments could be brought into the church.

The music that had come form the Old World had been rewritten to meet the times.  Few
songs were preserved and intact, however the ballad tradition remained.  The songs spoke
of events and experiences.  In that life in the frontier was hard, many of the songs were sad
and tragic.  Songs about train wrecks, outlaws, killings, and failed crops.  There was an
interesting mixture of subject matter in that there were those in the cities writing of city life,
and in that so much of the country was still rural there were many songs from that way of
life.  Many of the songs of the South were about the values of family, home and God.  The
Church was always a place where much of the music in the culture was happening.

During the 1800's, as the church movement grew and there were more and more congreg-
ations, revivals and camp meetings, this organized music was probably the number one
place in the new nation to enjoy music.  This fellowship at the camp meetings and revivals
offered folks a place to sing.  Music grew and became a big part of the religious movement
and the growth of this country, especially in the south where the blacks brought much of their
culture from west Africa, where singing was a big part of their life.

Religious music was central to the lives of the rural southerners.  It was in the church where
most rural southern folks first learned to sing.  In the early days of the colonies the "British
religious" groups were moving throughout influencing folks and very supportive of music in
their churches. The Church of England was becoming very established throughout the
Eastern United States.  The Baptists and the Methodists were the dominate religions
moving into the rural areas of the country and promoted the religious music.  It was the
singing that was giving most of these people the good feeling and kept them coming back
to the revivals and camp meetings.

As the times began to very rapidly change in the new world, due to the inventions like the
steam engine, the train and the growth of the religious freedoms that were to be practiced
in this new land,  the music also began to change.  The church and gospel music began to
spread even more with the Pentecostal movement in the south and the huge rise of black
churches  , where the poor and the rural folks would gather together to sing and praise the
Lord.  We were also seeing the music as part of the urban revivals, and sung in organiz-
ations like the YMCA and the Salvation Army.  As this form of music grew, we could say
the market began to grow.  Soon there were Hymn books and everybody was learning the
songs, the published sheet music was beginning to sell and we are seeing the early days
of the business of music.

As the times began to very rapidly change in the new world, due to the inventions like the
steam engine, the train and the growth of the religious freedoms that were to be practiced
in this new land,  the music also began to change.  The church and gospel music began to
spread even more with the Pentecostal movement in the south and the huge rise of black
churches  , where the poor and the rural folks would gather together to sing and praise the
Lord.  We were also seeing the music as part of the urban revivals, and sung in organiza-
tions like the YMCA and the Salvation Army.  As this form of music grew, we could say the
market began to grow.  Soon there were Hymn books and everybody was learning the
songs, the published sheet music was beginning to sell and we are seeing the early days
of the business of music.

As the new century begins the most popular song of the year is "Good Bye, Dolly Gray."
The French word "télévision" was used for the first time in 1900 by the Russian physicist
Constantin Perskyi.    One of the most famous trademarks in the world, ‘His Master’s
Voice’, was registered with the U.S. Patent Office. The logo of the Victor Recording
Company, and later, RCA Victor, shows the dog, Nipper, looking into the horn of a
gramophone machine.  The Brownie box camera is introduced by Eastman Kodak sells
at $1,  and puts photography within reach of everyone.  Kodak becomes a household
name.  Reginald Fessenden transmits speech without wires.  The word, hillbilly, was first
used in print in an article in the "New York Journal."  Fessenden develops radio telephony.


In the early 1900's we are beginning to see the spread of "tent rep theatre", "tent shows"

"rag operas" they were sometime called.  They gave public access to simple under-

standable entertainment.  People were beginning to look for "social diversions".  Farmers

and people in the rural areas needed social interaction, and these traveling tent reps, were

beginning to fulfill that need.  These traveling shows were becoming "the grass roots

theatre of the country."  They for the most part were in the rural areas.  These "tent

repertoires" became in a way...American folk dramas. 


Tent theatre troupes, and shows like the 101 Ranch Wild West Show, one of the largest

and most popular shows of its kind, would even begin to journey to foreign lands.

There is less than 8,000 autos in the U.S. and less than 10 miles of pavement in the
entire country.  The Wright Brothers built their first glider and Casey Jones dies when his
"Canonball" wrecks.  People are still pumping water by hand and heat water on wood
stoves.  Max Planck proposes quantum theory and Sigmund Freud publishes his book
 Interpretation of Dreams.  One US home in 13 has a telephone and  The W.E. Roach
Company was the first automobile company to advertise in a national magazine.   The
Pennsylvania Railroad acquires control of the Long Island Rail Road which will be the
nation's largest passenger carrier.  Trolley cars provide transportation in every major
U.S. city 12 years after the opening of the first trolley line in Richmond.  Some 30,000 cars
operate on 15,000 miles of track.  The  World population 1.65 billion and the US census
shows 12 million Roman Catholics, 6 Methodists, 5 Baptists, 1.5 Lutherans, 1.5 Pres-
byterians 1 m Jews, 700,000  Episc., 350,000  Mormons, 80,000 Christian Scient.,
75,000 Unitarians in the country.  US death rate from tuberculosis is 201.9 per 100,000,
Average age at death in US is 47.  Cody, Wyo., is founded by William "Buffalo Bill" Cody
in order to have the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy run a spur to the large tracts of land he
has acquired in the area of the Shoshone River's south fork.  Retired German gral. Ferd-
inand von Zepellin launches the first rigid airship.

In 1901, oil was discovered in Texas, and the U.S. Steel Corporation was formed.  The
cowboy's songs were sad, due to the closing of the frontier and the dying west.  Pres.
McKinley is shot.  Marconi sends radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean.   The
American Multigraph Co. is founded at  Cleveland to produce the newly patented Multi-
graph, the first machine to print from a typed or handwritten image.  In 1902 Gibson began
making guitars and mandolins.  Already the country was  in love with stringed instru-
ments.  John Steinbeck is born, and the novel The Virginian is published.

Eldridge Johnson starts
Victor  Talking Machines. 

In the year 1903 Edison Corporation mechanic Edwin S. Porter turns cameraman,
director and producer makes the movie short "The Great Train Robbery".  With 14
shots cutting between simultaneous events, this 12-minute short establishes the shot
as film's basic element and editing as a central narrative device, it is said to be the first
movie with a plot and  it is also the first Western.  First film exchange in America estab-
lished, and in New York on Broadway the musical The Wizard of Oz is performed.  In
the worlds of technology and inventions the Wright Brothers fly at Kitty Hawk, and Ford
Motor Company is incorporated and sells first car.  Cole Younger released from prison.
Harry C. Gammeter of Cleveland, OH patented the multigraph duplicating machine
The Harley-Davidson motorcycle is introduced by Milwaukee draftsman William Harley,
pattern maker Arthur Davidson, mechanic Walter Davidson, tool maker William Davidson,
and a German draftsman familiar w/ European motorcycles and the DeDion gasoline
With the flight of the Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk
and the first car rolling off the line at Ford Motor Co.
the country is for sure on the road to a new world
and we will see how the entertainment business
Kicks up some dust...
glider.gif (21068 bytes)
IIn 1904 New York City opens the subway and
Bank of America forms in San Francisco, and Pennsylvania Railroad inaugurates
"fastest long distance train in the world," and it is said that the Buffalo is near extinct.
Between the army killing off many of the buffalo to try and bring down the Native America
by killing off their source of food.  The first New York City subway line opens to the public.
The IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) line runs from  Brooklyn Bridge north under Lafayette
St., 4th Ave., and Park Ave. to 42nd St., west to  Broadway, and north to 145th Street,
completing the run in 26 minutes with a train of five copper-sheathed wooden cars.
United Fruit Co. installs commercial radio equipment on its ships and is the first  to do so,
shipping bananas.

The first movie theater opens in Pittsburgh.  It is 1905, and Einstein presents Theory of
Relativity and this year there are 4 million telephones in use in the U.S.  Bob Wills is
born.  Pennsylvania Railroad inaugurates "fastest ong distant train in the world."  Variety
begins weekly publication in New York and the  American bison society is formed to
save Buffalo from extinction.  Time is beginning to speed up on the entertainment tech-
nology front when US inventor Lee De Forest develops a three electrode vacuum tube
amplifier that will be the basis of an electronics revolution.  His Audion will permit the
development of radio.  The first radio broadcast of voice and music booms out of
Brant Rock, Mass.

Around 1905, Victor began to experiment with a
novel idea to make the phonograph more acceptable 
and convenient. The horn was folded downward into 
a large floor standing cabinet, so that the horn opening 
was below the turntable. Two doors were used to 
cover the opening. This concept had an added advant-
age in that the doors acted as a crude but effective 
"volume control"; when they were open, the sound 
was loud, when they were closed, the volume was 

The fiddle reigned king and showed up at most events.  Fiddle contest were very popular,
and the best place to kick up some dust was at the barn dances.  It even showed up at
political events.  If there was a dance, a fiddle was said to be there.  The fiddle would play
for hours with no accompaniment.  The fiddle was known as "the devil's instrument," much
because it got the women up dancin' and spinning around showing their petty-coats.
Another big music happening during the turn of the century was the house party.  At  these
parties, and along histories road, the guitarwas finding its way into the music world.
String bands were beginning to develop.  As mentioned earlier, the  banjo, had enjoyed a
place  in history of this country for sometime.  With fiddle, banjo, guitar string bands were
big.  For the past few years the mandolin had entered the scene.  Story tells the this instr-
ument was brought into the country by Italian immigrants.  There was even entire mandolin
orchestras and smaller string combos performing the equivalent of chamber music or spe-
cialized in ragtime.  Roads are being  built all across the nation  and cities are lighting up
with more and more power plants being built.

In 1906 Hugh Gernsback of the Electro Importing Company advertised radio receivers for
just $7.50 in "Scientific American."  The beginning of radio telephony—the transmission of
music and speech—also began in 1906 with the work of Reginald Fessiden and Ernst F.
W. Alexanderson.  The first radio broadcast of voice and music booms out of Brant Rock,
Mass.  The Great San Francisco Earthquake occurs this year and Rolls-Royce. Ltd is in-
corporated.  American Rolling Mills produce the first silicon steel for electrical use to be
made in America.

The Chicago Automatic Machine and Tool Company invents the jukebox that plays records
It's 1907, Gene Autry is born and Oklahoma is admitted as a state.  Scientist have in-
vented a image reproduction method using electronic scanning.  The writer James
Michener is born.  Roads are being built all across the nation and taxies arrive in New York
City.  Florenz Ziegfeld staged the first "Ziegfeld Follies" at the roof garden of the New York
Theatre.  In Harpers Weekly it is written, "The nickel madness; the amazing spread of a
new kind of amusement enterprise which is making fortunes for its projectors."

The following year Patsy Montana is born and U.S postage stamps are sold for the first
time and the rate is 1 cent.  The first college orchestra was founded -- at Harvard
University in Cambridge, MA. So, strike up the band today! Henry Ford introduces the
Model T  First great skyscraper is finished at 47 stories and the first death in an airplane
accident is recorded.  This year "The Adventures of Dolly" opened at the Union Square
Theatre in New York City, first film release for director David Griffith.

In the early 1900s there had existed for nearly two decades "shout piano" or "jig piano."
Piano ragging was an improvisational reworking the tempos of known tunes played by
ear. Ragging style was applied by the popular virtuoso banjo players, in minstrel show
music, in string bands, and for buck dancing. Later, the immense distribution of parlor
uprights and player pianos throughout the country allowed ragtime to be easily incorp-
orated into the repertoires of music reading players at home as well as in clubs.

In 1909, the year the North Pole was discovered, Sears was making 12 varieties of
guitars,  with  some as cheap as $2 bucks.  That year "Memphis blues,"  first blues song
to be written down was published. This year the first radio is broadcast and Victor records
"Uncle Josh" (Cal Stewart) and Victrola XII was introduced, selling for $125.  By the middle
of 1909, approximately 15,000 Victrolas had been sold, and Johnson decided to capitalize
on his success by  introducing a lower priced model. Thus, in 1909, the tabletop.  Actress
Mary Pickford made her motion picture debut in "The Violin Maker of Cremona".  Plastic is
invented and the Copyright law is passed.  Land is opened to settlers in Montana, Idaho
and Washington, and Geronimo, Apache Indian Chief dies at Ft. Still Oklahoma.  The copy-
right law is passed and Victor records Cal Stewart's  "Uncle Josh."  Queensboro Bridge,
the first double-decker bridge,  opened in New York City and also in NY the New York
Times publishes the first movie review, is on D.W. Griffith's Pippa Passes.

1910,  Jimmie Rodgers  joins a Medicine Show, he is just 13 years old.  He makes 50
cents a day and room and board.  During these days Buffalo Bill is still touring Europe.
The U.S. with Annie Oakley  and Sitting Bull in his Wild  West Show.  Mark Twain  dies,
Halley's Comet appears,  the last time that it appeared was on the day of Mark Twain's
birth.  Irving Berlin's "Alexander's Rag Time Band" was popular. The Industrial Revolution
is in full swing, the automobile is transforming a culture. as the "horseless carriage" rolls
across the land.

This first decade of the 20th Century is seeing wire, light and roads transform the land.
The train continues to connect the past with the future as we ride the rail that is changing
as fast as any time in history.  Man is moving to the sky, that year the first  woman flies in
a plane and in a race that  pitted a plane against a train...the airplane won and this year
Walter R. Brookins made the first airplane flight at night when he passed over Montogery,
Alabama.  The US population has 92 million people when Ronald Regan is born and
Fanny Brice, born Fannie Borach, debuted in the New York production of the "Ziegfeld

St. Louis was a major stopping off point for musicians headed to New York and Chicago
from New Orleans in the 1910s and 20s. Kansas City was on the western edge of the
TOBA circuit (Theater Owners Booking Agency, providing bookings for black performers.)
It was a major stop for the traveling musicians on a circuit already established by earlier
minstrel shows, carnivals, and vaudeville acts where mainstay blues performers such as
Ma Rainey, Mamie Smith, and Bessie Smith performed for the mainstream. Kansas City
also became home to musicians when tours disbanded which brought no less a contri-
butor than Count Basie to Kansas City when his band broke up.

Jimmie Rodgers begins working on the railroad, like his dad before him.  Popular songs
"Alexander's Ragtime Band" by Irving Berlin popularizes ragtime music that Scott Joplin
pioneered in 1899.  "Everybody's Doin' It" by Irving Berlin popularizes the Turkey Trot dance
invented by dancer Vernon Castle & his 18 year old bride Irene Foote Castle.   "I Want a
Girl Just Like the Girl that Married Dear Old Dad)" by Harry von Tilzer, lyrics by Will Dillon
"Memphis Blues" by W.C. (William Christopher) Handy, 38, who adapts a campaign song
he wrote in 1909 for a Memphis mayoralty candidate, are all popular songs.  We are seeing
music spread more and more across the land.  With the railroad connecting people and
the new phonograph is taking music to new places.   and   Another great to-be-musician,
Bill Monroe is born, as is a to-be actor and president of the U.S., Ronald Reagan.

As 1911 continues to roll along the South Pole is reached and there is the first landing of
a plane on a ship.  Chevrolet Motor Co. is founded by former General Motors head W.C.
Durant teams up with Swiss-American race car driver, Louis Chevrolet. The last horse-
drawn bus of the London General Omnibus Co. goes out of service as the U.S.  population
reaches 94 million.  An electric self-starter for motorcar and truck engines invented by C.F.
Kettering improves automobile safety.  Major Jimmie Erickson shot the first photograph
from an airplane while flying over San Diego, California.  The first direct telephone link
between New York and Denver opens.  On the movie front the first motion-picture cen-
sorship board was established.  Roy Rogers is born Leonard Franklin  Slye

It is 1912, the first gas station in Hollywood is opened and Photoplay debuts as the first
magazine for movie fans.  "Custer's last fight" is filmed and we are seeing the movie
business take new leaps in growth.  Motorized movie cameras replace hand cranks.  We
are seeing a huge growth in the new business of film grow with the Films Queen Elizabeth
with Sarah Bernhardt being shown July 12 at New York's Lyceum Theater, this is the first
feature-length motion picture seen in America.  Also, the U.S. rights to the 40-minute
French film have been acquired by Hungarian-American nickelodeon-chain operator
Adolph Zukor, 39, a former furrier, who has persuaded theatrical producer Charles Froh-
man to join him in investing $35,000 in the venture.  They earn $200,000 and form Famous
Players Co. creating a company to produce their own films.  Popular movies are D.W.
Griffith's Her First Biscuit with Mary Pickford and The Musketeers of Pig Alley with Lillian
Gish.  Also on the movie business front Universal Pictures Corp. is created by a merger of
U.S. film producers who include German-American cinema pioneer Carl Laemmle.   He
will have sole control of Universal from 1920-1936 and be the first to promote the person-
alities of his film performers as "movie stars" hiring Mary Pickford, who is 19 years old,
from the rival Biography Studios of D.W. Griffith.  The first foreign-made film to premiere in
America, "Queen Elizabeth", was shown. The French film starred Sarah Bernhardt and
Lon Tellegen.  Zane Grey publishes "Riders of the Purple Sage"

On the music front this year the popular songs are "Waiting for the Robert E. Lee" by
Lewis F. Muir. "When the Midnight Choo Choo Leaves for Alabam."   Roy Rogers is
born Leonard Franklin Slye and  Woodrow Wilson Guthrie is born in Okemah, Okla-
homa.  The world would  come to know him as Woody Guthrie.   Bessie joined  a travel-
ing show as a dancer and singer.  This 1912 Theordore Rosevelt is shot but survives and
New Mexico and Arizona become states to this growing union.  The United States govern-
ment adopted a new rule for all working folks. It established an 8-hour work day.  On April
15th the Titanic sinks.  On the industrial front seven companies produce half of all the U.S.
motorcars, with more than 22% of all US motorcars are Fords, which come out of Ford
factories at the rate of 26,000 per month.  Buick Division chief Charles William Nash be-
comes president of General Motors.   Bendix Brake Co. is founded by Vincent Bendix, the
first mass producer of four-wheel brakes for motorcars.  The electric light bulbs last longer
thanks to General Electric research chemist Irving Langmuir.  Bell Laboratories physicist
H.D. Arnold produces the first effective highvacuum tube for amplifying electric currents.
AT&T's Western Union buys U.S. rights to a multiplex device that permits up to four mes-
sages to be sent at once over the same circuit.  The multiplex takes advantage of the
difference between the speed of mechanical impulses and the speed of electrical impulses.  

In Hollywood, Cecil B. DeMille rents a barn  at the corner of Hollywood and Vine and 

produces "Squa Man," which is said to be the first full length movie produced in Hollywood.

It is said that DeMille sends a telegram to Jesse Lansky saying: "Have proceeded to

California.  Want authority to rent  barn in a place called Hollywood for seventy-five dollars

a month." 


Looking back it is interesting to note that the big sound stages  at the large studios to this

day are called "barns", and you "shoot" the camera, and the studios "stable" of artist, and

the shutters on the lights are called barn doors, and you go down to the studio "lot" (feed lot). 

Mary Pickford  remembers riding her horse to "lot" where she was shooting movies in the

early days of the biz, and tieing her horse to a hitching post.  Actor's Equity Association is

founded May 26 at New York's Pabst Grand Circle Hotel with Francis Wilson as president,

Henry Miller as V.P.  D.W. Griffith's Judith of  Bethulia, first American-made four-reel film. 

Charles Chaplin signs a contract with Mack Sennett who discovered him in NY.  Also in the

"biz" The Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Co. is founded by vaudeville producer Jesse Louis

Lasky, Samuel Goldwyn and Cecil B. DeMille.  The Lasky firm will merge with Adolph

Zukor's Famous Players to create Famous Players-Lasky and will become Paramount

Pictures in 1932.

The Palace Theatre opened its doors in New York City.  Ed Wynn was first on the vaude-
ville bill.  This was the classic Vaudeville Theatere.  There is a big fiddle contest in Atlanta
As the past was lost in the new century it was said to be the fiddle that held on in popularity.
In the south, especially in cities like Atlanta, Georgia, there were large Fiddle Conventions.
The fiddle had a feeling of nostalgia and gave folks the reminder of the good-old-days
when life was more rural.  Many of the old fiddle songs were genuine folk songs and who-
ever wrote the song was lost in time.  Songs like: "Soldier's Joy," Molly, Put the Kettle On,"
and "Irish Washerwoman" were of British origin.  Songs like: "Fire on the Mountian," were
new and from this land.  At this point in time much of the music is called "folk."  The stage
is being set for the birth of "hillbilly" and "country" music.

The first electric motor option became available on the Victrola XVI, eliminating the need
for cranking after every few records were played. Victrolas with electric motors were called
"Electrolas" and the portable phonograph is manufactured.  We are beginning to see more
pianos in the homes, as this instrument for music begins to enter the musical mix.  At this
time music could be most described with the term "folk music,"  in the south and more rural
areas and "pop" music in the towns and cities.   This folk music is still a hold over from the
British culture, but because of the industrializing process the music is in a state of great
evolution.  "Show" tunes from the theater, vaudeville worlds are some of the more popular

At this time in history the U.S. has 40% of world industrial production, up from 20% in
1860.  In this world of industrialization we will see that Ford begins first Model T assembly
line.  Cadillac is the leading make in the $1500-2500 range and Duesenberg Motor Co.
is founded at St. Paul, Minn. by Fred S. and August S. Duesenberg.  We are seeing the
car change history.  What is now a symbol of the great American West, the Golden Gate
Bridge, went under construction.  In New York's Grand Central Terminal opens 2/1 at 42nd
St. & Pk. Ave., the world's largest railway station 31 tracks on upper level, 17 on lower U.S.
Parcel Post service began early in the year.  Edwin H. Armstrong patented  the circuit for
the regenerative receiver that long-range radio reception became practicable. The major
developments in radio initially were for ship-to-shore communications.  Soon we see the
radio add more fuel to drive the music industry to greater numbers.

In 1914 D.W. Griffith's The Mother and the Law, and The Battle of Elderberry Gulch "St.
Louis Blues" by W.C. Handy are released.  In his second big-screen appearance,
Charlie Chaplin plays the Little Tramp, his most famous character.  Winsor McCay un-
leashes Gertie the Dinosaur, the first animated cartoon.  ASCAP--American Society of
Composers, Artists and Publishers is founded in New York.  Earnest Tubb and Gypsy
Rose Lee are born this year and the last passenger pigeon dies.

Times phase and blend with stories that U.S. ranchers herd cattle with Model T Fords.
Henry Ford announced the newest advance in assembly line production of cars.  U.S.
auto production reaches 543,679 w/ Model T Fords.  Greyhound Bus has its beginnings.
The first great football stadium is built and there is the official opening of the Panama
Canal.  Robert H. Goddard of Worcester, MA patented liquid rocket fuel.  World War I
breaks out in Europe.

In 1915 the now-famous film, "Birth of a Nation", debuted in New York City. The motion
picture brought Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh and Wallace Reid to the silver screen in what
has frequently been called the greatest silent film ever produced.  D. W. Griffith's tech-
nically brilliant Civil War epic, The Birth of a Nation, introduces the narrative close-up, the
flashback and other elements that endure today as the structural principles of narrative
film making.  A big innovation in the music world happens with the introduction of the 78
rpm record. Muddy Waters is born.  Nevada establishes "easy divorce laws."

First wireless message sent from a moving train and the one millionth Ford motorcar
rolls off the assembly line.  Chevrolet Motor Co. is incorporated in Delaware by W.C.
Durant.  First Transcontinental telephone call is made by  Alexander Graham Bell in New
York speaking to his assistant in San Francisco, inaugurating the first transcontinental
telephone service.  That first conversation went something like this: “The number you
have reached is not in service or has been disconnected, at the request of the customer.
Thank you for using AT&T.”  Long distance telephone service between NY and San Fran-
cisco begins.  Direct wireless communication between the U.S. and Japan begins

It's 1916 and Buffalo Bill Cody's last Wild 
West performance.  Charlie Chaplin signs 
on with Mutual Studios and earns an
unprecedented $10,000 a week.  Then 
the most lucrative movie contract to the
time is signed by actress, Mary Pickford

The first radio news is broadcast by Lee De Forest who has established a radio station.
In the Theater Bound East for Cardiff, by Eugene O'Neill is performed.  D.W. Griffith's
Intollerance with Lilian Gish "I Ain't Got Nobody" popular song by Spencer Williams,
lyrics by Roger Graham.  Frank Conrad with Westinghouse starts to play music to his
friends on 100 watt transmitter.  U.S. railroad  trackage reaches its peak of 254,000
miles, up from 164,000 in 1890, and Pres Woodrow Wilson sent General John Pershing
after Pancho Villa.

to be continued



1997-2013 Benford E. Standley. All Rights Reserved.
This can in no way be copied or distributed.

We would love your help continuing this story...if you have any important dates or
information that helps us tell the story of the evolution of  the music and
entertainment business send them to us and we will add to KICKIN' UP DUST